Guimba History

GUIMBA: A BRIEF HISTORY

Before the 1960's this place now known as GUIMBA was a total wilderness. Virgin forest densely covered both sides of the Binituan River, Northern part of the town proper. The vast grasses are dotted by the tall trees. At the time very few developed and organized towns were know. Guimba was an unknown community. It simply a grazing land for the cattle’s of an affluent and illustrious TAÑEDO Family of Tarlac. This place was still a part of a neighboring town of Tarlac.
The original settlers mostly came from the Ilocos Region and Pangasinan. The pioneering clans were those o Ricos, Padres, Danzalan, Galapons, Cudals, Batangans, Basilios, Faigals, Tabaquins, Romoses, Catabonas, Sawit, and others. People from San Miguel and Butos of the province of Bulacan also came, which can be traced from the descendant clans of the Dela Cruzes and De Guzmans who settle in one of the barangays of Guimba, now called San Miguel.
In 1865, Ilocano settlers settled on the South Bank of Binituan River. Other Ilocano settlers from PAOAY, SAN VICENTE, CANDON, and BACARRA, ILOCOS NORTE arrived later. These early settlers were led by MARIANO PARAIRO, who settled in the eastern side of the new settlement. The other groups were led by ANDRES AFAN SALVADOR and MARTIN BAGAIN who also settled on the western side of the place. The PADRE and GALAPON Families from Bacarra, Ilocos Norte also settled in the sounthern areas othis place.
Having found the soil productive for agricultural purposes, the early settlers cleared the place, cut down trees and burned vegetative growth. The trees were sawed into lumber out of which their houses were constructed. Apart from agriculture, the people also engaged pot making because of the abundance of clay in some areas of the municipality. The process of hardening clay pots was more popularity called “Gebba” pronounced in all Ilocano accents.
The original name of the municipality was San Juan in Honor of their patron saint. When the natives were busy doing their potting activities.
SPANIARDS passed by and asked the natives what the place is called. Misinterpreting what the foreigners asked QUE JUGAR ESTE (WHAT IS THIS PLACE), the people said “Gebba” thinking that the foreigners were asking what they were doing. The foreigners repeatedly pronounced Gebba with a nasalized accent “Ghembha” which later spread and became popular. The leaders then were convinced to call the municipality San Juan de Guimba by presenting the old name with the added popularized name the foreigners called the place.
In the early part of 1865, the place had been partly cleared for residential spaces. The early settlers dubbed the places as SAN JUAN DE GUIMBA, in honor of their Patron Saint. This was in 1878.
In 1878 community leaders gave the name in honor of San Juan de Evangelista whose feast day is celebrated December 27.
On March 13, 1911, the Philippines Commission on Geography officially adopted the name San Juan De Guimba, which was later shortened and changed to “GUIMBA” hence, the name that until now is being used. The resolution was approved by the then Gov. Gen. of the Philippines WILLIAM CAMERON FORBRES.
Before its formal creation and declaration as a municipality. Guimba was then a part and under the political jurisdiction of Aliaga, Nueva Ecija.
As per record unearthed by the former Guimba Parish Priest, Rev. Fr. Gus Polong, an old brownish record book showed that Guimba was first inhabited on February 20, 1865.
From 1914 to the present, the Municipality is known as GUIMBA, in the province of NUEVA ECIJA.
Guimba has 64 barangays with a population of more than 95,000. It is a fast progressing municipality.
Out of 60 agricultural Barangays 35 barangay are irrigated development toward creation of supplement income – generating projects for the people. Apart form the heavy support to develop irrigation infrastructures.


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